CLL/SLL

Ibrutinib plus FCG induces a higher rate of MRD negative remission in the bone marrow than FCG alone in patients with newly diagnosed CLL/SLL – presentation at iwCLL 2017

On 14th May 2017, during iwCLL, the fifth session took place titled “Additional Considerations for the Initial Treatment of CLL.” This session was chaired by Richard Furman (Weill Cornell) and Jae Park (Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center).

Nitin Jain, from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA, gave a presentation titled “Ibrutinib, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab (GA101) (iFCG) for previously untreated patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) with mutated IGHV and non-del(17p)” during this session.

Results of this phase II trial (NCT02629809) were presented; the primary endpoint of the study was CR/CRi with negative MRD in bone marrow.

Eligibility criteria:
  • Previously untreated CLL/SLL meeting iwCLL treatment criteria
  • Adult patients (≥18 years old)
  • Mutated IGHV
  • No del(17p) or mutated TP53
  • Adequate organ function
    • ANC >500/µl
    • Platelet >50,000/µl
    • ALT and AST ≤2.5 x ULN
    • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN
    • GFR ≥30ml/min
Treatment:
  • 3 courses of iFCG:
    • Ibrutinib 420mg once daily continuously starting C1D1
    • Obinutuzumab 100mg C1D1, 900mg C1D2, 1,000mg C1D8, 1,000mg C1D15, 1,000mg C2D1, 1,000mg C3D1
    • Fludarabine 25mg/m2 daily for 3 days each course
    • Cyclophosphamide 250mg/m2 daily for 3 days each course

Response evaluation:

Response were measured as outlined by the iwCLL 2008 criteria:

  • Blood, marrow, and CT scans: every 3 months during first year, then Q6 months
  • Any lymph node >1.5cm on CT: PR
  • MRD assessed by 4 color flow cytometry in bone marrow (sensitivity 10-4)
Trial status (9th May 2017):
  • The first patients enrolled in April 2016
  • 29 patients have initiated treatment
  • 24 patients have completed 3 cycles of iFCG (1 off study after 3 cycles due to pulmonary MAC infection)
  • 4 patients are receiving iFCG cycles
  • 1 patient who received C1D1 obinutuzumab (100mg) and one dose of ibrutinib (420mg) is now off study (grade 3 Infusion Related Reaction [IRR] and grade 4 thrombocytopenia)
  • Median follow-up = 8.3 months (range, 0.9–13.3)

Clinical response:

 

3 months

 

N=24 (%)

BM MRD (%)

ORR

24/24 (100)

20/24 (83) neg

CR/CRi

10/24 (42)

All neg

PR

14/24 (58)

10/14 (71) neg

After 3 cycles, a higher proportion of patients treated with iFCG were MRD negative (83%) compared to patients who received FCR (26%).

Moreover, a higher pre-treatment β2M correlated with a lower rate of MRD negativity after 3 cycles of iFCG (P = 0.035):

 

n

BM MRD negativity (%)

β2M ≥4

6

50

β2M<4

18

94

Toxicities:

 

N (%)

 

G3

G4

Neutropenia

9 (31)

12 (41)

Thrombocytopenia

12 (41)

1 (3)

ALT/AST

3 (10)

1(3)

Atrial fibrillation

1 (3)

 

Arthralgia

1 (3)

 

IRR*

1 (3)

 

*9 patients (31%) had grade 2 IRR

Reported infections included: neutropenic fever (n=4), as well as PCP pneumonia, pulmonary MAC infection, acute cholecystitis, and herpes zoster (n=1 each).

Dose reductions were reported in 57% of patients for FC and 18% of patients for ibrutinib. Treatment delay >2 weeks was reported in 35% of patients (due to thrombocytopenia, transaminitis, and infection).

Nitin Jain finished his talk with a concise conclusion slide:

Reference:
  1. Jain N. Ibrutinib, fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab (GA101) (iFCG) for previously untreated patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) with mutated IGHV and non-del(17p). XVII International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; 2017 May 12–15; New York, USA.